2014, Number 2
Assessing the oral health and phenotypic characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome from a range of associations in Monterrey, Mexico.
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ABSTRACTObjective: The aim of this study was to identify the oral health status of people with Down syndrome belonging to various associations in Monterrey, Mexico. Material and methods: A sample of 97 individuals aged from 3 to 48 (MA = 9.5) and of both sexes was selected. The subjects’ oral health status and clinical manifestations were assessed based on World Heart Organization criteria and we also calculated the Löe-Silness dental plaque and gingival indexes. Results: A total of 53.75% of the subjects had caries; 33.75% calculus; 45.75% crowding, and 85% presented some form of alteration in the posterior sector. The clinical manifestations of the disease in each patient were analyzed. The dental plaque index was 1.96 and the gingival index 1.91. Conclusions: The individuals in the study were found to have poor dental health, which is further evidence of the urgent need to design and implement comprehensive dental care programs for patients with disabilities.
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