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>Journals >Ginecología y Obstetricia de México >Year 2015, Issue 06


Ortega-González C, Aguilera-Pérez JR, Arce-Sánchez L, Barquera-Cervera S, Díaz-Polanco A, Fernández-Sánchez M, Ferreira-Hermosillo A, Martínez-Cruz N, Medina-García C, Molina-Ayala MA, Muñoz-Manrique CG, Pantoja-Millán JP, Perichart-Perera O, Pimentel-Nieto D, Reyes-Muñoz E, Reyes-Rodríguez EA, Romero-Zazueta A, Ruiz-Padilla CL, Vergara-López A, Vidrio-Velázquez M, Villagordoa-Mesa J, Zúñiga-González SA
Consensus of diagnosis and treatment of obesity in women in reproductive age and climacterium
Ginecol Obstet Mex 2015; 83 (06)

Language: Español
References: 190
Page: 363-391
PDF: 571.57 Kb.


Full text




ABSTRACT

Background: The development of obesity is complex and multifactorial, with genetic, biological, environmental and lifestyle of each individualetiology. The different changes in metabolism of women, amongst other factors, lead to disorganization in the distribution of lipids, which gathered in large quantities within the viscera, increases cardiovascular mortality and it is a major determinant factor of the metabolic syndrome.
Objective: To homologate and to apply concepts of evidence-based clinical practice in diagnosis and treatment of obesity in women in reproductive age and climacterium.
Method: The experts’ consensus was done by specialized physicians properly endocrinologists, gynecologists, surgeons, psychologists, nutrition specialists, physical activity and public health, according to their expertise and clinical judgment. The recommendations were based in diagnostic criteria aside from the level of evidence of previously established treatment guidelines, controlled clinical trials and standardized guides for women in reproductive age and climacterium with obesity.
Results: The establishment of a nutritional intervention amongst other aspects of lifestyle is the first-line in the treatment of obesity. Current pharmacological treatments offer modest results in efficiency and security in weight reduction so these must go along with real changes in lifestyle in order to obtain better results in the short and long term.
Conclusion: The high prevalence of overweight and obesity in our country, especially in women in reproductive age, compels us to pose and work in prevention strategies as well as diverse therapeutic plans favoring safe weight loss and results in the long term.


Key words: obesity, overweight, metabolic syndrome, climacterium.


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