2007, Number 1
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ABSTRACTObjective: To narrate the life and work of Charles Heber McBurney.
Design: Historical assay (14 references).
Setting: Transplant Surgery, Surgery Division, Nacional Medical Center.
Result: Charles Heber McBurney was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, on February 17, 1845. He obtained his medical degree in 1870 from the now called Columbia University. His surgical training was accomplished at the Bellevue hospital, visiting hospitals in London, Vienna, and Paris. He was a visiting or counseling surgeon at several hospitals in Manhattan, mainly at the Roosevelt hospital, aside from being a surgery professor in his alma mater until obtaining the Emeritus Professor status. He contributed to surgery in several disciplines, such as orthopedics and neurosurgery. He supported the use of sterile techniques, such as the use of rubber gloves in the operating room and he was the first surgeon to favor modernity in the design of operating rooms, such as the Syms surgical pavilion of his hospital. He was a pioneer in biliary tract surgery, who will always be remembered for his clinical observations in appendicitis and for the incision used in appendicectomy that bears his name. He was also one of the physicians that participated in the care of the assassinated President McKinley in 1901. He was a talented surgeon of great skills, very productive academically as evidenced by his numerous publications. He was a member of multiple national and international surgery societies; he enjoyed open sports. He died on November 7, 1912, and will always be remembered by an anatomical point and a type of incision.
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McBurney C. Removal of biliary calculi from the common duct by the duodenal route. Ann Surg 1898; 28: 481-6.
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Corman ML. Classic articles in colonic and rectal surgery Charles Heber McBurney 1845-1913. Dis Colon Rectum 1983; 26: 291-303.
McBurney C. Experience with early operative interference in cases of disease of the vermiform appendix. NY Med J 1889: 50: 676-684.
McBurney C. The incision made in the abdominal wall in cases of appendicitis, with a description of a new method of operating. Ann Surg 1894; 20: 38-43.
Clemons BJ. The first modern operating room in America. AORN J 2000; 71: 164-170.
Lathrop. History and description of the Roosevelt Hospital, New York City. 15-20. S. Grubbs: Thirty-seven years active duty in public health service. Greenfield, IN: WM Mitchell Printing Co. 1943: 36-37.
Lowenfels AB. Famous patients, famous operations, 2002 – Part 5: The case of a politician with a gunshot wound. Historical Perspectives in Surgery. Medscape Surgery 2002; 4. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/442239
Berne TV, Ortega A. Appendicitis and appendiceal abscess. En: Nyhus LM, Baker RJ, Fischer JE. Mastery of Surgery. 3rd. Edition. Boston: Little-Brown, 1997: 1403.