>Year 2013, Issue S2
What is discrimination? Its legal perspective in México
Cir Gen 2013; 35 (S2)
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Since ancient times the issue of equality has been addressed both from the philosophical and the legal perspective. Aristotle was the first to equate the concepts of equality and justice. In the ancient Roman law, Ulpian points out the three fundamental principles of law: honest living, do no wrong to another and give to each person his/her due. To discriminate is to provide inferior treatment to a person based on racial, religious, political or economic motives. The Constitution of the United States of Mexico establishes the rights of equality, liberty, property and legal security. Its custody is competence of the State. On June 11, 2003 the Federal Law to Prevent and Eliminate Discrimination is published by decree , derived from an amendment to the first article of the Constitution. It is noteworthy that discrimination is already criminalized in 15 states of the Mexican Republic. The legal effects of discrimination are present when there is typical conduct where there is a distinction, exclusion, or restriction because of a characteristic of the person that results in nullifying or impairing the exercise of a right. An example would be preventing the access to public or private education for having a disability, another nationality, religious or political belief. The fields that discrimination affects are: the principle of freedom, religious beliefs and the dignity of the person.
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>Year 2013, Issue S2