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>Journals >Cirujano General >Year 2013, Issue S2


López GE
What is discrimination? Its legal perspective in México
Cir Gen 2013; 35 (S2)

Language: Español
References: 12
Page: 123-127
PDF: 4. Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Since ancient times the issue of equality has been addressed both from the philosophical and the legal perspective. Aristotle was the first to equate the concepts of equality and justice. In the ancient Roman law, Ulpian points out the three fundamental principles of law: honest living, do no wrong to another and give to each person his/her due. To discriminate is to provide inferior treatment to a person based on racial, religious, political or economic motives. The Constitution of the United States of Mexico establishes the rights of equality, liberty, property and legal security. Its custody is competence of the State. On June 11, 2003 the Federal Law to Prevent and Eliminate Discrimination is published by decree , derived from an amendment to the first article of the Constitution. It is noteworthy that discrimination is already criminalized in 15 states of the Mexican Republic. The legal effects of discrimination are present when there is typical conduct where there is a distinction, exclusion, or restriction because of a characteristic of the person that results in nullifying or impairing the exercise of a right. An example would be preventing the access to public or private education for having a disability, another nationality, religious or political belief. The fields that discrimination affects are: the principle of freedom, religious beliefs and the dignity of the person.


Key words: Discrimination.


REFERENCIAS

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  3. Maluwa M, Aggleton P, Parker R. HIV- and AIDS-related stigma, discrimination, and human rights: A Critical Overview. Health and Human Rights. 2002; 6: 1-18.

  4. Comisión sobre los Derechos Humanos, Resoluciones 1999/49 y 2001/51. Disponible en: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/(Symbol)/E.CN.4.RES.2001.51.Sp?Opendocument

  5. Ley Federal para Prevenir y Eliminar la Discriminación. Disponible en: http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/262.pdf

  6. Figueroa Bell A. Igualdad y no discriminación en el Marco Jurídico Mexicano. Alcances y perspectivas. Disponible en: www.juridicas.com.mx

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  8. Desclaux A. Estigmatización y discriminación: ¿qué tiene para ofrecer un enfoque cultural? Universidad de Aix-Marseille; 2005.

  9. Maluwa M, Aggleton P, Parker P. HIV-and AIDS-related stigma, discrimination and human rights: a critical overview. Health and Human Rights. 2002: 6(1). Disponible en: http://www.hhrjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/13/2013/07/2-Maluwa.pdf

  10. Ley Federal del Trabajo. Disponible en: http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/125.pdf

  11. Código Penal para el Distrito Federal 2013. Disponible en : http://www.ub.edu/dpenal/CP_vigente_2013_01_17.pdf

  12. UNAIDS zero discrimination. Disponble en: http://www.unaids.org/publications/documents/human/JC781-ConceptFramew-E.pdf






>Journals >Cirujano General >Year 2013, Issue S2
 

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