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>Journals >Cirujano General >Year 2002, Issue 4

Martínez MG
Allen Oldfather Whipple: Surgery and the surgeon
Cir Gen 2002; 24 (4)

Language: Español
References: 15
Page: 335-342
PDF: 4. Kb.

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Objective: To narrate the life and work of Allen Oldfather Whipple.
Design: Historical essay (15 references).
Setting: Transplant surgery, department of surgery, University hospital.
Results: Allen Oldfather Whipple was born in Persia on September 2, 1881. He coursed his graduate studies at Princeton, and received his Medical Doctor degree from Columbia University in 1908. His surgical training was achieved at the Roosevelt and Presbyterian hospitals in New York. In 1921, he was appointed head of surgery and Tenure Professor at the Presbyterian Hospital, where he remained until 1946. Whipple together with a multidisciplinary team established the “Spleen Clinic”, in which diverse hepato-pancreato-biliary and splenic diseases were studied. He described and performed the first surgeries to treat portal hypertension. He defined the diagnostic triad of hyperinsulinemia, which carries his name, he played a relevant role in the development of the surgical treatment of pancreatic tumors and is worldwide recognized for his pancreatic resection technique. He was a honorary member of many scientific societies, counselor to diverse universities, president of the American College of Surgeons, and was granted numerous awards. He was self-critical and disciplined, and was a surgeon with great abilities, very much interested in medical-surgical education. A man of fine education, he was cordial with a high spiritual sense and a firm believer in his faith. A cultivated man of many facets greatly endowed as counselor. He died on April 6, 1963, leaving behind a great surgical and educational heritage to the American surgery of the XX century.

Key words: Whipple, surgery, history of surgery, biography.


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>Journals >Cirujano General >Year 2002, Issue 4

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