Acta Ortopédica Mexicana

Camacho FLA, Montalvo GM, Zamora MP, Asís JJ, Testas HM
Femoral diaphyseal fractures treated with reamed and blocking centromedullary nail. Results and complications
Acta Ortop Mex 2005; 19 (3)

Language: Español
References: 12
Page: 112-115
PDF: 41.67 Kb.

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ABSTRACT

Through a retrospective study, we evaluated a series of cases having been diagnosed with femoral diaphysial fracture and treated with a reamed and interlocked intramedullary nail. These treatments were performed at our Center between January 1999 and January 2004. During this period, 158 patients were studied. From them, 138 completed the study. To evaluate the follow-up period, we took 10 parameters into account: the close fracture, the ipsilateral trauma, multiple fractures, the early stabilization, the diameter of the implantation, the close reduction, the insertion site, the proper reduction, the stable fixing, and the complications. We report the following results: The male population was the most affected; the stabilization time was of 30 hours; the type of nail mainly employed was the universal AO; the blocking presenting less pseudoarthrosis cases was the dynamic blocking. When diameters smaller than 13 mm in men and 12 mm in women were used, there were cases of pseudoarthrosis. The site with fewest cases of pseudoarthosis was the pyriform fossa or cavity. SIRPA (related to thorax close trauma) complications and fatty embolism (without any kind of precedent) were reported. The early surgical treatment, the reduction technique, the early stabilization, the stable fixing, the proper insertion, and the lack of infections depend on the doctor in order to get satisfactory results.


Key words: Femoral fractures, diaphyses, intramedullary nailing.


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