Acta Ortopédica Mexicana

García-Ramos CL, Obil-Chavarría CA, Zárate-Kalfópulos B, Rosales-Olivares LM, Alpizar-Aguirre A, Reyes-Sánchez AA
Degenerative adult scoliosis
Acta Ortop Mex 2015; 29 (2)

Language: Español
References: 50
Page: 127-138
PDF: 315.55 Kb.

[Fulltext - PDF]


Adult scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional rotational deformity of the spine, resulting from the progressive degeneration of the vertebral elements in middle age, in a previously straight spine; a Cobb angle greater than 10o in the coronal plane, which also alters the sagittal and axial planes. It originates an asymmetrical degenerative disc and facet joint, creating asymmetrical loads and subsequently deformity. The main symptom is axial, radicular pain and neurological deficit. Conservative treatment includes drugs and physical therapy. The epidural injections and facet for selectively blocking nerve roots improves short-term pain. Surgical treatment is reserved for patients with intractable pain, radiculopathy and / or neurological deficits. There is no consensus for surgical indications, however, it must have a clear understanding of the symptoms and clinical signs. The goal of surgery is to decompress neural elements with restoration, modification of the three-dimensional shape deformity and stabilize the coronal and sagittal balance.

Key words: adult spinal deformity, degenerative spinal deformity, review, scoliosis, spine deformity.


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