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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año 2003, No. s1

Menéndez VJF
El manejo del aborto espontáneo y de sus complicaciones
Gac Med Mex 2003; 139 (s1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 51
Paginas: 47-54
Archivo PDF: 86.93 Kb.

Texto completo


La reproducción es una de las funciones más ineficaces del ser humano, con pérdidas del 50 al 75% y del 15 al 20% en embarazos diagnosticados clínicamente. El embarazo puede diagnosticarse cada vez más temprano empleando métodos cuantitativos para la determinación de la subunidad-β de la gonadotropina coriónica así como estudios ultrasonográficos. Estos métodos también permiten clasificar al aborto espontáneo en temprano y tardío. Entre las causas que pueden producirlo se encuentran las genéticas (que son las más frecuentes), la deficiencia de la progesterona, la Diabetes Mellitus, el Síndrome de Ovarios Poliquísticos, los hematomas subcorionicos, las infecciones, etc. El manejo más frecuente es con legrado uterino instrumental. Recientemente, el manejo farmacológico con misoprostol o metotrexate o mediante aspiración manual endouterina ha ganado muchos adeptos. Las complicaciones más frecuentes son el sangrado, el dolor, la retención de restos, la infección y la perforación uterina, sin hacer a un lado las complicaciones psicológicas.

Palabras clave: Aborto espontáneo, interrupción del embarazo, complicaciones del aborto.


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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año2003, No. s1

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