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>Revistas >Revista Biomédica >Año 2008, No. 2


Murillo-Llanes J, López-Portillo C, Flores-Flores P
HOMA-IR en obesos tratados con pentoxifilina
Rev Biomed 2008; 19 (2)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 29
Paginas: 104-109
Archivo PDF: 172.00 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Objetivo. Determinar el efecto sobre el índice de resistencia a la insulina en pacientes obesos tratados con pentoxifilina.
Material y Métodos. Se incluyeron 22 pacientes obesos adultos de ambos sexos, que procedían de la consulta de Medicina Interna del HGR # 1 IMSS, Culiacán, Sinaloa durante el periodo de febrero a mayo de 1998. Se midió el índice de resistencia a la insulina Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR). Los tratamientos fueron asignados de forma aleatoria y doble ciego al grupo 1 (pentoxifilina, n=11) administrándose 400 mg vía oral c/24 hrs a los pacientes con IMC superior a 25 kg/m2 pero menor de 29.9 kg/m2; 400 mg vía oral c/12 hrs a pacientes con IMC entre 30 y 34.9 kg/m2; y 400 mg vía oral c/8 hrs a pacientes con IMC superior a 35 kg/m2 durante dos meses y el grupo 2 (placebo, n=11); se midió glucosa e insulina en ayuno antes y después del tratamiento. Se utilizó el programa STATA.v6.
Resultados. De los 22 pacientes, 16 fueron del sexo femenino y 6 del sexo masculino, con un rango de edad de 28 a 54 años, con un promedio de 43.3 años. El HOMA-IR basal fue de 4.72 (IC 95% 3.3-6.1) y de 4.05 (IC 95% 2.8-5.2) para el grupo 1 y 2 respectivamente (p=0.39). Después del tratamiento el HOMA-IR fue de 7.6 (IC 95% 5.5-9.7) y 3.36 (IC 95% 2.0-4.6) para el grupo 1 y 2 respectivamente (p=0.001).
Conclusiones. La pentoxifilina incrementó el índice de resistencia a la insulina en pacientes obesos analizados en nuestro estudio.


Palabras clave: Obesidad, resistencia a la insulina, HOMA-IR, pentoxifilina.


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