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>Revistas >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Año 2010, No. 1


Alonso-Vanegas MA, Austria-Velásquez J, López-GómezM, Brust-Mascher E
Estimulación crónica intermitente del nervio vago en el tratamiento de epilepsia refractaria. Experiencia en México con 35 casos
Cir Cir 2010; 78 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 53
Paginas: 15-24
Archivo PDF: 255.78 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Introducción: El papel de la estimulación crónica intermitente del nervio vago (ECINV) en el tratamiento de la epilepsia refractaria está evolucionando y requiere precisarse mediante la descripción de resultados, efectos adversos y complicaciones en poblaciones específicas.
Material y métodos: Se seleccionaron los pacientes con epilepsia refractaria sometidos a ECINV con mínimo 12 meses de seguimiento, utilizando estadística descriptiva e inferencial para valorar el efecto sobre la frecuencia e intensidad de las crisis, memoria, ánimo, estado de alerta, recuperación postictal y calidad de vida (escala subjetiva, cuestionario QoLIE-31), y los factores (sexo, edad, tiempo de evolución, número/tipo crisis, parámetros de estimulación) asociados a la respuesta clínica. Se describen los parámetros de estimulación usados, empleo del magneto, complicaciones y efectos adversos.
Resultados: Se seleccionaron 35 pacientes, edad de cinco a 48 años, 18 con epilepsia parcial, 17 con generalizada. No hubo complicaciones, infección o alteración de la cicatrización en los procedimientos quirúrgicos. La reducción promedio en crisis fue de 55.65 % (p ‹ 0.001). En epilepsias generalizadas hubo 58.8 % de respondedores y 88.9 % en parciales. Cuatro sujetos presentaron mejoría › 90 %, con control total; en dos pacientes aumentó la frecuencia de las crisis. La respuesta al tratamiento fue buena subjetivamente en 33 pacientes. La calificación global de QoLIE-31 aumentó 12.6 puntos (p = 0.020). Solo el tipo de crisis se asoció con la respuesta clínica. Los efectos adversos fueron transitorios y respondieron al cambio de parámetros de estimulación.
Conclusiones: la ECINV es segura, bien tolerada y eficaz para el tratamiento paliativo en casos seleccionados de crisis parciales y generalizadas multifocales refractarias.


Palabras clave: Estimulación del nervio vago, epilepsia refractaria.


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>Revistas >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Año2010, No. 1
 

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