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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año 2011, No. 1


Flores-Ramos M
Los trastornos mentales relacionados a la edad reproductiva de la mujer: una nueva propuesta en el campo de la salud mental
Gac Med Mex 2011; 147 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 62
Paginas: 33-37
Archivo PDF: 86.55 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

Recientemente, un grupo de autores ha sugerido la existencia de trastornos mentales en la mujer que pueden agruparse como trastornos relacionados a la etapa reproductiva (TRER), caracterizados por el momento en que ocurren (relacionados con el proceso reproductivo), una vulnerabilidad compartida entre éstos y una fisiopatología común. Las manifestaciones clínicas o la sintomatología de los TRER pueden ser diferentes entre mujeres, pero consistentes para cada mujer en particular y siempre están presentes durante los periodos de la vida reproductiva como el embarazo, el posparto, el periodo premenstrual y la perimenopausia. Se sugiere que la fisiopatología de estos trastornos comprende una asociación entre los cambios hormonales y las alteraciones de los neurotransmisores, así como una adaptación anormal a los cambios hormonales en mujeres vulnerables. En el presente trabajo nos proponemos describir las características clínicas y los tratamientos existentes para los TRER, así como el mecanismo fisiopatológico propuesto para ellos y opciones farmacológicas para su tratamiento.


Palabras clave: Trastorno mental, Mujer, Disforia premenstrual, Depresión posparto, Perimenopausia.


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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año2011, No. 1
 

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