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>Revistas >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Año 2005, No. 2


Madrazo-Navarro I, Aldana-Herrero A
Radiocirugía estereotáctica
Cir Cir 2005; 73 (2)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 43
Paginas: 137-141
Archivo PDF: 52.79 Kb.


Texto completo 10.35366/CC052M




RESUMEN

La radiocirugía estereotáctica (RE) es una forma de tratar enfermedades cerebrales mediante la aplicación muy precisa de una sola dosis de radiación en una sesión de un solo día. El tratamiento se realiza empleando haces de radiación depositados en un área específica del cerebro para tratar malformaciones, tumores u otras alteraciones funcionales. La radiocirugía estereotáctica no existe para otras partes del cuerpo dado que no hay manera de inmovilizar el cuerpo para tratar un tumor en una sesión de la misma manera en que la cabeza puede ser fijada. El tratamiento con radiocirugía estereotáctica fraccionada (REF), que se administra en períodos de días o semanas, puede ser administrada en la cabeza u otras partes del cuerpo con la ayuda de máscaras que disminuyen considerablemente la movilización. La RE se limita a la cabeza y el cuello dado que estas áreas pueden ser inmovilizadas con sistemas de fijación esquelética que restringen totalmente el movimiento de la cabeza, permitiendo el tratamiento más preciso y exacto.


Palabras clave: radiocirugía estereotáctica, radiocirugía fraccionada, tumores cerebrales, malformaciones arteriovenosas.


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>Revistas >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Año2005, No. 2
 

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