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>Revistas >Gaceta Médica de México >Año 2015, No. 1


López-Virgen V, Zárate-López D, Adirsch FL, Collas-Aguilar J, González-Pérez Ó
Efectos de la privación de sueño (PS) sobre la neurogénesis hipocampal
Gac Med Mex 2015; 151 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 70
Paginas: 99-104
Archivo PDF: 143.35 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

La neurogénesis adulta en el giro dentado (GD) del hipocampo es un proceso que involucra la proliferación, diferenciación, maduración, migración e incorporación de neuronas jóvenes en la capa granular del GD. Estas neuronas nacientes maduran en un lapso de 3-4 semanas y luego se incorporan en circuitos neurales hipocampales preestablecidos, donde participan en funciones cognitivas, entre las que se encuentran la adquisición y la retención de la memoria espacial, las cuales se consolidan durante el sueño. En la presente revisión describimos los principales hallazgos que relacionan la PS fragmentada o total con cambios en la neurogénesis del GD, así como sus posibles consecuencias en los procesos mentales. Además, se analizan algunos posibles mecanismos implicados en este deterioro, tales como la ritmicidad circadiana, los receptores de melatonina y algunos factores de crecimiento.


Palabras clave: Hipocampo, Giro dentado, Neurogénesis, Zona subgranular, Privación de sueño, Memoria, Aprendizaje.


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