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>Revistas >Revista Mexicana de Patología Clínica y Medicina de Laboratorio >Año 2002, No. 3


Arteaga TG, Guerra-Infante FM
Mecanismos de reconocimiento humoral en el xenotrasplante de órganos sólidos: I. Revisión del rechazo hiperagudo
Rev Mex Patol Clin Med Lab 2002; 49 (3)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 60
Paginas: 130-140
Archivo PDF: 86.86 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

El trasplante de tejidos vascularizados entre especies filogenéticamente distantes ocasiona que tales tejidos sean rápida y violentamente destruidos mediante el proceso denominado rechazo hiperagudo. En algunas combinaciones de cerdo y primate el rechazo del injerto es iniciado por el reconocimiento de anticuerpos del receptor a los antígenos presentes en los vasos sanguíneos del donador. Los anticuerpos unidos a los blancos antigénicos activan al complemento, el cual potencializa el evento patogénico. La xenorreactividad observada en el rechazo hiperagudo varía sustancialmente de experimento a experimento y de especie a especie, existe relativa investigación en la variación de la expresión de los blancos antigénicos en la población de los potenciales donadores porcinos. Tales cuantificaciones podrán tener muchas implicaciones para el xenotrasplante debido a que la variabilidad de la expresión de los antígenos permitiría la evaluación experimental de los donadores que identificaran los pares con menor reactividad. Esta revisión permite examinar los mecanismos de rechazo hiperagudo observados en la experimentación xenogénica entre animales y humanos.


Palabras clave: Complemento, anticuerpos anti-Gal, rechazo hiperagudo, xenotrasplante.


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>Revistas >Revista Mexicana de Patología Clínica y Medicina de Laboratorio >Año2002, No. 3
 

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