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>Revistas >Abanico Veterinario >Año 2017, No. 1


Álvarez-Linares B, Ávila-Ramos F, López-Briones S
Diagnóstico y tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus en perros
AbanicoVet 2017; 7 (1)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 31
Paginas: 53-67
Archivo PDF: 281.54 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

La diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad metabólica que frecuentemente se presenta en perros, que se caracteriza por niveles elevados de glucosa plasmática. En la actualidad, no existe ninguna clasificación de los distintos tipos de este padecimiento en perros. En humanos, puede clasificarse como: DM tipo I, tipo II y diabetes asociada a la gestación. En perros se utiliza la misma clasificación pero hay cuadros clínicos asociados al diestro y a la pancreatitis. En los perros se presenta el 50% de DM tipo I y el resto se agrupa entre la DM tipo II y los otros. Los principales signos clínicos que presentan los perros diabéticos son: poliuria, polidipsia, pérdida de peso, polifagia; menos frecuentemente es la hepatomegalia y las cataratas. Para realizar su diagnóstico se usan tres pruebas de laboratorio: hemograma, perfil bioquímico y uroanálisis. Al encontrar resultados positivos de hiperglucemia y glucosuria, el paciente será diagnosticado con DM. Entonces el médico veterinario le brindará al paciente un tratamiento adecuado basado en suministro de insulina, dieta balanceada y ejercicio constante. Por tal motivo, el objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica es proporcionar información actualizada acerca de la DM, para estudiantes de medicina veterinaria y médicos veterinarios.


Palabras clave: Perro, diabetes mellitus, insulina, glucosa.


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>Revistas >Abanico Veterinario >Año2017, No. 1
 

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