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>Revistas >Investigación en Salud >Año 2005, No. 1


Jilek WG
Transformar el chamán: cambios de las nociones occidentales acerca del chamanismo y de estados modi.cados de conciencia
Inv Salud 2005; 7 (1)

Idioma: Inglés
Referencias bibliográficas: 72
Paginas: 8-15
Archivo PDF: 507.46 Kb.

[Texto completo - PDF]

RESUMEN

El artículo documenta los cambios de las nociones occidentales acerca del chamanismo y del curandero chamán, y del papel de los estados modificados de conciencia. Antes de la Era de Ilustración, el chamán fue condenado por charlatanismo demoníaco. Desde mediados del siglo XIX hasta mediados del siglo XX, el chamán fue acusado de sufrir de una aflicción psiquiátrica o epiléptica; una noción basada en la mala interpretación de los estados modificados de conciencia en los rituales chamánicos, como estados psicopatológicos. La etiqueta patológica de los curanderos y rituales chamánicos constituye un error eurocéntrico y positivístico; siendo reconocida la habilidad terapéutica de los curanderos y la eficacia psicoterapéutica de los rituales curativos chamánicos. Hoy día somos testigos de un renacimiento de ceremonias chamánicas entre gran numero de poblaciones indígenas. Además podemos observar la popularización del chamanismo en la sociedad post-moderna del occidente. La aparente transformación del chamán y del chamanismo es determinada por cambios significativos del “zeitgeist” occidental.


Palabras clave: chamanismo, estados modificados de conciencia, nociones occidentales, cambios históricos.


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