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>Revistas >Cirujano General >Año 2018, No. 4


Hernández-Cortez J, García-Matus RR, Martínez-Luna MS, Guzmán-Ortiz JD, Palomeque-López A, Cruz-López N, Medina FLG
Empleo de antibióticos en el postoperatorio de apendicitis aguda: revisión de la literatura
Cir Gen 2018; 40 (4)

Idioma: Español
Referencias bibliográficas: 41
Paginas: 262-269
Archivo PDF: 232.70 Kb.


Texto completo




RESUMEN

El uso de antibióticos en los pacientes operados por apendicitis aguda tiene como fin prevenir las complicaciones sépticas de la apendicitis y dentro de éstas, la infección de sitio quirúrgico es la más común, por esta razón, los antibióticos son una medida prioritaria en el postoperatorio de estos pacientes. A pesar de lo anteriormente descrito el uso de antibióticos en los pacientes apendicectomizados ha cambiado desde su introducción, por lo que actualmente existen distintos estudios que evalúan su utilidad y asociación con infecciones de vías urinarias, neumonía, etc., que incrementan la morbilidad del paciente y por tanto, su estancia hospitalaria. El propósito de la siguiente revisión es exponer los distintos resultados de los estudios revisados. Abstract


Palabras clave: Apendicitis aguda, apendicitis perforada, apendicitis no perforada, antibióticos, apendicetomía, profilaxis antibiótica, infección de sitio quirúrgico.


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>Revistas >Cirujano General >Año2018, No. 4
 

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