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>Journals >El Residente >Year 2008, Issue 1

Pernett MA, Carrillo AJL
Tratamiento de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica: Importancia de la cesación tabáquica
Residente 2008; 3 (1)

Language: Español
References: 24
Page: 22-27
PDF: 137.56 Kb.

Full text


The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by an unreversible and progressive air flow obstruction, secondary to the exposition of tobacco and biomass fumes. The worldwide prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is 10%, in México is higher with an steem of 18.4%. Its more important symptoms are: dyspnea, long data cogh and expectoration, lost weight, anxiety and mood disorders. Its diagnostic requires an spirometry. Once the disease is established the treatment is just symptomatic, and its objective is to improve the quality of life of the subject; the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be avoided removing the aggressive stimulus on time, thats why smoking cessation is important. To achieve smoking cessation is necessary to combine non-pharmacologic strategies like: medical advice and psychological therapy with pharmacologic treatment which includes nicotine substitution therapy, bupropion and varenicline.

Key words: Chronic, obstructive, pulmonary, disease, cessation, smoking.


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>Journals >El Residente >Year 2008, Issue 1

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