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>Journals >Acta Pediátrica de México >Year 2007, Issue 6


González-Saldaña N, Hernández-Orozco HG, Castañeda-Narváez JL, Arzate-Barbosa P, Navarrete N, Saldaña-Maldonado C, Monroy-Díaz A, Lucas-Resendiz E
Retrospective study of nosocomial infections at the instituto Nacional de Pediatria 1999-2006
Acta Pediatr Mex 2007; 28 (6)

Language: Español
References: 9
Page: 253-257
PDF: 143.95 Kb.


Full text




ABSTRACT

Introduction. The Nosocomial Infection Committee was established in 1983 in the National Institute of Pediatrics with the purpose of assessing intrahospital infections surveillance and control, with their incidence and occurrence through the time as paramount. The Committee achived an adequate control of intrahospital infections.
Objective. To determine the epidemiological changes of nosocomial infections at a third level pediatric hospital.
Material and methods. A retrospective transversal study was carried out with the review of the Nosocomial Infection Committee records from 1999 to 2006 of the National Institute of Pediatrics. Annual specific nosocomial rates were analized.
Results. The global nosocomial infection rate showed a fluctuation in descending order from 1999 to 2006 of 9.45 to 3.7 for every 100 discharged patients. The highest rate at the different services in different years has changed. The highest five rates occurred in the departments of Neonatology, Intensive Care Unit, Neurosurgery, Neurology, Immunology, Nephrology, Gastronutrition, Infectology an Internal Medicine. The main nosocomial infection were bacteriemia, pneumoniae and urinary tract infections. There has been outbrakes of chickenpox and gastroenteritis which have been included among the 15 main nosocomial infections.
Conclusion. Control of nosocomial infections and its decrease is a result of team work of the staff at the Institute; personnel have been aware of prevention measures of intrahospital infections and they participate actively in the promotion of prevention and control of these infections.


Key words: Nosocomial infection, intrahospital infection, surveillance, children, bacteriemia.


REFERENCIAS

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  9. Díaz RRD. Las actividades del epidemiólogo en el Comité de Infecciones Nosocomiales. Rev Salud Pub Nut [serie en línea] 2003;6. Disponible en URL:http://www.respyn.uanl.mx/especiales/ee-6-2003/index.html






>Journals >Acta Pediátrica de México >Year 2007, Issue 6
 

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