>Cirugía y Cirujanos
>Year 2008, Issue 6
Anaya-Prado R, Madrigal-Flores S, Reveles-Vázquez JA, Ramírez-Barba ÉJ, Frías-Terrones G, Godínez-Rubí JM
Morbilidad materna asociada a operación cesárea
Cir Cir 2008; 76 (6)
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Background: At present, cesarean section (CS) is performed frequently, and delivery with CS is associated with complications in up to 15% of the cases. Maternal mortality is six times higher after CS than vaginal delivery. In this study we estimated maternal morbidity associated with CS.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, maternal morbidity associated with CS was evaluated in all patients operated on between January and December 2006. Variables analyzed included demographic and obstetrical data, type of surgery (elective or urgent), surgical approach, hospital stay, and presence and type of complications. Prevalence of complications as well as associated morbidity and mortality were all identified.
Results: During the study period, a total of 2827 CS were performed. Average age was 28.7 ± 6.2 years. CS was performed both as an emergency procedure and electively in 2285 (80.82%) and 542 (19.17%) cases, respectively. There were 685 (24.23%) complications in 593 patients (20.97%); 460 (16.2%) and 133 (4.7%) were performed urgently and electively, respectively. The most frequent complications were hemorrhage (540, 19.1%), infections (38, 1.34%), cervical and/or cervicouterine lesions (32, 1.13%); vascular lesions (11, 0.39%), and thromboembolic phenomenon (6, 0.21%). There were 12 maternal deaths (0.42%). Mean hospital stay was 4.43 ± 3.03, 4.5 ± 3.14, and 4.09 ± 2.5 days for the general population, urgent surgery and elective surgery, respectively.
Conclusions: Our observations demonstrate that maternal morbidity associated with CS is higher than that reported in the literature. Blood loss ›500 ml was the most frequent complication and the only cause of maternal death after CS.
||Cesarean section, maternal mortality.
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>Cirugía y Cirujanos
>Year 2008, Issue 6