1997, Number 4
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ABSTRACTScientific research directed to identification, study and exploitation of genes, as well as to understand genome organization and evolution, has lead to large genome programs like the Human Genome Project and other related ones involving organisms of scientific and economic interest for mankind. In Mexico, it is possible to undertake genomic projects following original and competitive directions using many available public domain resources based on the extensive genetic diversity contained on the native biological populations, which belong to the national genomic patrimony. Local domestic animals in Mexico are unique and a valuable genetic resource to look for important genes for biotechnological and animal industries. Nevertheless, these populations are endangered by the extensive crossbreeding and substitution policies with improved breeds from developed countries. Genome research in domestic animals is important in order to develop and keep a highly competitive animal industry on a world market economy. In this paper a domestic animal genomic project in Mexico is suggested. Some suggested goals of this project are: 1. Preservation of the genetic diversity present on native domestic animal populations; 2. Study and improvement of the local genetic resources; 3. Identification, cloning and study of important genes from the commercial and medical point of view, and 4. Technology transfer to the local animal industry. This domestic animal genomic program may be the basis to promote a more updated, competitive and independent national animal industry, more in agreement to ecological, economic, cultural and local market conditions.
Mariante AS, Gerrits RJ. Current development in the conservation of domestic animal diversity: The Americas. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Genetic Applied Livestock Production. 1994 August 7-12; Guelph, Canada. Canada (Ontario): Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, 1994;1:447-454.