2007, Number 2
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ABSTRACTObjective: To measure the neonatal morbility in those born alive in the Hospital General de Zona No. 2 of the IMSS, during the years 2004 and 2005.
Design: Observational,descriptive,retrospective, transverse,.
Material: Recently born alive of the 01/01/2004 at the 12/31//2005 in the HGZ 2 of the IMSS.
Methods: Morbility, and prevalence rates for 1,000 rnv. Provide z proves between two for difference proportions.
Results: 4,078 newborn of the 01/January/2004 at the 31/December/2005, 2,161 and 1,917 for 2004 2005 respectively. Two hundred newborns hospitalized during the same period, 100 in 2004 and 100 for 2005. Morbility rates for 1,000 rnv: 46.27 and 52.16 for 2004 2005 correspondingly. Prevalences for 1,000 rnv for the years 2004 and 2005: Bacterial sepsis of the newborn (ICD P36) 13.42 and 10.95; asphyxia of the birth (ICD P21) 4.63 and 9.39; transitory taquipnea of the newborn (ICD P22.1) 5.09 and 6.78; other preterm newborn (ICD P07.3) 5.55 and 5.74; syndrome of diabetic mother’s newborn (ICD P70.1) 1.39 and 5.22.
Conclusions: The most frequent illnesses in our newborns are the bacterial sepsis of the newborn and the asphyxia, agreeing with that reported by the international references; we ignore the causes and the associate factors, what will be study reason. There was not neonatal mortality, the serious patients were already referred to another unit because we don’t have Unit of Neonatal Intensive Cares.
Caulfield L. Nutritional interventions in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality. In: Reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality. Report of a meeting, Baltimore, MD, 10-12 May 1999. Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 1999 (Child Health Research Project Special Report, Vol. 3, No. 1).
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