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>Journals >Archivos de Investigación Materno Infantil >Year 2011, Issue 1

Tercero-Quintanilla G, Hernández-Roque A, Luque-Coqui M, Chartt-León RM, De la Torre-González C, Verduzco-Serrano A, Mendoza-Huerta B, Contreras-Hernández ME, Moyao-García D, Fuentes-García V
Efectos de la psicoprofilaxis quirúrgica en los niveles de ansiedad de pacientes pediátricos sometidos a adeno y/o amigdalectomía
Arch Inv Mat Inf 2011; 3 (1)

Language: Español
References: 27
Page: 24-29
PDF: 231.17 Kb.

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Antecedents: Surgical psychoprophylaxis is a set of techniques used in pediatric psychology to prepare children and its family to confront an operation. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of surgical psycho prophylaxis in anxiety levels of pediatric patients submitted to adeno and/or amigdalectomy. Methods: A study of experimental design was made with 64 subjects between 5 and 10 years old, whose were submitted to adeno and/or amigdalectomy in the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. The children were divided randomly in two groups (experimental and control) and were applied two tests that measure anxiety. The results were analyzed with the SPSS 13.0. Results: Statistically significant differences were found (p≤.05) for the experimental group in the subscale of social preoccupations/concentration before and after surgical psychoprophylaxis (p.007); in the subscale of lie between boys and girls before the intervention (p.000); and in the anxiety levels before and after psycho prophylaxis (p.027). Conclusions: Surgical psychoprophylaxis is an effective technique to diminish the anxiety levels in pediatric patients.

Key words: Surgical psychoprophylaxis, anxiety, revised children’s manifest anxiety scale (CMAS-R), state-trait anxiety inventory for children (STAIC).


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>Journals >Archivos de Investigación Materno Infantil >Year 2011, Issue 1

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