Entrar/Registro  
HOME SPANISH
 
Archivos de Investigación Materno Infantil
   
MENU

Contents by Year, Volume and Issue

Table of Contents

General Information

Instructions for Authors

Message to Editor

Editorial Board






>Journals >Archivos de Investigación Materno Infantil >Year 2011, Issue 1


Tercero-Quintanilla G, Hernández-Roque A, Luque-Coqui M, Chartt-León RM, De la Torre-González C, Verduzco-Serrano A, Mendoza-Huerta B, Contreras-Hernández ME, Moyao-García D, Fuentes-García V
Efectos de la psicoprofilaxis quirúrgica en los niveles de ansiedad de pacientes pediátricos sometidos a adeno y/o amigdalectomía
Arch Inv Mat Inf 2011; 3 (1)

Language: Español
References: 27
Page: 24-29
PDF: 231.17 Kb.


Full text




ABSTRACT

Antecedents: Surgical psychoprophylaxis is a set of techniques used in pediatric psychology to prepare children and its family to confront an operation. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of surgical psycho prophylaxis in anxiety levels of pediatric patients submitted to adeno and/or amigdalectomy. Methods: A study of experimental design was made with 64 subjects between 5 and 10 years old, whose were submitted to adeno and/or amigdalectomy in the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. The children were divided randomly in two groups (experimental and control) and were applied two tests that measure anxiety. The results were analyzed with the SPSS 13.0. Results: Statistically significant differences were found (p≤.05) for the experimental group in the subscale of social preoccupations/concentration before and after surgical psychoprophylaxis (p.007); in the subscale of lie between boys and girls before the intervention (p.000); and in the anxiety levels before and after psycho prophylaxis (p.027). Conclusions: Surgical psychoprophylaxis is an effective technique to diminish the anxiety levels in pediatric patients.


Key words: Surgical psychoprophylaxis, anxiety, revised children’s manifest anxiety scale (CMAS-R), state-trait anxiety inventory for children (STAIC).


REFERENCIAS

  1. Wolfer JA, Visintainer MA. Prehospital psychological preparation for tonsillectomy patients: Effects on children’s and parent’s adjustment. Pediatrics, 1979; 64 (5): 646-55.

  2. Mellish RW. Preparation of a child for hospitalization and surgery. Ped Clin North Am 1969; 16 (3): 543-53.

  3. Visintainer MA, Wolfer JA. Psychological preparation for surgical pediatric patients: The effect on children’s and parent’s stress responses and adjustment. Pediatrics, 1975; 56(2): 187-201.

  4. Davenport HT, Werry JS. The effect of general anesthesia, surgery and hospitalization upon the behavior of children. Amer J Orthopsychiat 1970; 40 (5): 806-24.

  5. Goldman AB, Bohcali A. Psychologic preparation of children for tonsillectomy. Laryngoscope, 1966; 76 (10): 1689-1705.

  6. Reissland N. Cognitive maturity and the experience of fear and pain in hospital. Soc Sci Med, 1983; 17 (8): 1389-95.

  7. Teichman Y, Ben RF, Lerman M. Anxiety reaction of hospitalized children. Br J Med Psychol, 1986; 59: 375-82.

  8. Mandelbaum S. Recomendaciones para la evaluación y preparación prequirúrgica en pediatría. Rev Arg Anest, 1998; 56 (6): 395-419.

  9. Kay B. Efectos psicológicos de la anestesia en los niños. Coloquios Anestesiológicos 1969.

  10. Ortigoza JM, Méndez FX, Vargas F. Repercusión de la preparación psicológica en la cirugía pediátrica sobre la recuperación postquirúrgica. An Esp Pediatr, 1998; 49: 369-74.

  11. Mandelbaum S. Vamos al hospital: Guía para preparar a su hijo para una internación. B.A. Argentina: Libros del Quirquincho; 1994.

  12. Castañeda R, Sánchez R, Dávila A, Ruiz J. Criterios de clasificación durante la valoración preoperatoria. Rev Mex Anest, 1987; 37-42.

  13. Bluestone S, Kenna. Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Pediatric Otolaryngology 1996; 5: 1063.

  14. Eiser C. Communicating with sick and hospitalized children. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 1984; 25 (2): 181-89.

  15. Spicher CM, Yund C. Effects of preadmission preparation on compliance with home care instructions. J Pediatr Nurs, 1989; 4 (4): 255-62.

  16. Collins VJ. Anestesiología, México, McGraw-Hill Interamericana; 1981: 130-148.

  17. Markland D, Hardy L. Anxiety, relaxation and anaesthesia for day-case surgery. Br J Clin Psychol, 1993; 32: 493-504.

  18. Reynolds CR, Richmond BO. Escala de ansiedad manifiesta en niños (revisada). México, 1985.

  19. Wisniewski JJ, Mulick JA, Genshaft JL, Coury DL. Test-retest reliability of the revised children’s manifest anxiety scale. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1987; 65: 67-70.

  20. Reynolds CR, Richmond BO. What I think and feel: a revised measure of children’s manifest anxiety. J Abnor Child Psychol, 1997; 25 (1): 15-20.

  21. Perrin S, Last CG. Do childhood anxiety measures measure anxiety? J Abnor Child Psychol, 1992; 20 (6): 567-578.

  22. Rodrigo G, Lusiardo M. Note on the reliability and concurrent validity of the spanish version of the state-trait anxiety inventory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1988; 67: 926.

  23. Spielberger CD, Edwards CD, Lushene RE, Montuori J, Platzek D. Cuestionario de autoevaluación ansiedad estado-rasgo en niños STAIC. Manual. España, TEA Ediciones, 1990.

  24. Mandelbaum S. Vamos al hospital. La historia de Pablo, de cómo lo operaron y de cómo se curó. B.A. Argentina, Libros del Quirquincho; 1994.

  25. Har-el Gady, Nash M. Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Complications in Head and Neck Surgery. American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 149-172.

  26. Shiler T, Lander J, Fowler-Kerry S. Assessing children’s state anxiety. J Pain Sympt Manag 1998; 16 (2): 80-86.

  27. Vasey MW, El-Hay N, Daleiden E. Anxiety and the proccessing of emotionally threatening stimuls: Distinctive patterns of selective attention high low test-anxious children. Child Dev, 1996; 67: 1173-85.






>Journals >Archivos de Investigación Materno Infantil >Year 2011, Issue 1
 

· Journal Index 
· Links 






       
Copyright 2019