2010, Number 4
Rev Esp Med Quir 2010; 15 (4)
Pech ESW, Baeza BJE, Ravell PMJ
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ABSTRACTBackground and objective: Excessive spending budget Tekax UMF ISSSTE in Yucatan motivated by the increasing references to the second level for the diagnosis of “diabetes control”, led to an investigation to identify the factors causing failure of treatment diabetic patients.
Patients and method: We studied a sample of 109 type 2 diabetic patients from UMF ISSSTE Tekax, Yucatan. Through a survey, data on sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, characteristics of the disease, current treatment and family characteristics were obtained. Data were analyzed using SPSS 9.0, and presented in tables in Excel format for analysis.
Results: Sixty-six percent of the sample was female; 66% corresponded to the group of 60 and older; 24.8% was illiterate. The prevalence of diabetes was of 10.5%. The time evolution of the predominant disease was 20 to 30 years; 89% was overweight. In 66% of patients diabetes was without control. The 51% had an abysmal knowledge of diabetes; 59.7% had none adherence to diet and exercise; 65% did not practice exercise; 69% use their medicines incorrectly.
Conclusions: The duration of disease, illiteracy coupled with the terrible knowledge patients have about diabetes, obesity, lack of exercise, poor diet adherence, misuse of drugs and lack of family support are crucial for not meeting program goals of diabetes control.