2011, Number 1
Rev Med UV 2011; 11 (1)
Martínez ZMC, González OSA, López MJJD
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ABSTRACTObjective. To compare the incidence of intestinal parasitosis in preschool children (from 4 to 7 years) between two kindergartens: an urban one and the other from the countryside, Tlalnehuayocan municipality, Xalapa, from the Veracruz state. Since children socialize with each other, play games their age as well as the inadequate habits, which are normal for them, they are more likely to have harmful microorganisms. Justification. Since children socialize with each other, play games their age as well as the inadequate habits, which are normal for them, they are more likely to have harmful microorganisms. The goal of this research is to compare the percentage about parasitosis rate as well as to provide statistical data in order to show the percentage of the most common parasites in preschool children. Introduction. The intestinal parasitosis is one of the most common causes of gastrointestinal infection which usually causes fever as well. That depends on the how hard the problem is. At present, parasitology has a very important place, especially in Latin countries. Their socioeconomic level, geographic localization, the variety of climates and customs cause that these sicknesses have important places as public health problems. Material and methods. This research was observational, comparative, transversal and prospective. We worked with both male and female children aged 4 to 7 years old. They go to the kindergartens mentioned above and their parents agreed on the research. 87 excrement samples were examined. Results. 121 children go to the kindergarten in the city who only the 35.5% were examined with the coproparasitoscopic test. On the other hand, 87 children go to the countryside kindergarten and only 50.6% of them were examined. We only found 2 cases of Entamoeba histolytica and 2 other cases of Blastocystis hominis from the 43 children who took the test. However, we found 7 cases of Entamoeba histolytica from the 44 children in the countryside. The positive cases were given a treatment at the Dr. Gastón Melo Health Center.