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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2009, Issue 4

Coyote-Estrada N
VII. Trastornos de la alimentación. Obesidad en niños
Gac Med Mex 2009; 145 (4)

Language: Español
References: 37
Page: 313-317
PDF: 58.78 Kb.

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The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing dramatically around the world. In Mexico, the prevalence has been increased in children (11.8 %) and adolescent s (7.5 to 12.65 %) in the latest 5 to 7 years, according to the latest National Nutrition Survey (2006). Obesity is not longer a rare disease; it has become in a true epidemic that has been associated to co morbidities such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. The disease etiology includes environmental and genetics factors. Among genetic factors, some alleles have been documented associated with obesity and BMI; however more studies are required in different populations to establish the mechanism that explains their contribution to obesity. Regarding environmental factors, it is known that the change in lifestyle plays a major role in the development of obesity. All obese child should been assessed in a holistic approach, intentionally looking for the presence of co morbidities associated to obesity. The treatment should be carried out in a multidisciplinary approach that includes: diet, physical activity, education and psychological support. The aim is to achieve fundamental changes in lifestyle with a gradual reduction in weight, and it should include all family members. The aim is to prevent obesity in our children.

Key words: Childhood obesity, diet, physical activity.


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