2011, Number 2
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ABSTRACTThe basocellular carcinoma account for approximately the 70-80 % of nonmelanoma cutaneous cancer in white persons and its incidence rate has increased in a 20 % in the two past decades. A cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study was conducted from January, 2000 to December, 2009 to determine the basocellular carcinoma's behavior in patients registered for biopsy of the maxillofacial service of Artemisa municipality. Universe included 1 287 patients and sample 607 patients with a clinical and histopathologic diagnosis of basocellular carcinoma. The following variables were registered: age group, sex, skin color, occupation, tumor location, clinical forms of presentation and histological type. A form was designed and data were statistically processed by means of percentage calculation. Results were presented in tables. There was a 47.1 % diagnosed with basocellular carcinoma in both sexes with a slight predominance of male sex including peasant farmers and builders as the more involved. The white persons were the 98.8 % of patients presenting with basocellular carcinoma and the more involved age group was that aged 70 and more. The main region was the nasal one, the more frequent was the clinical form of pearly nodular presentation with predominance of the solid histopathologic type and the three-quarter of patients were treated with simple exeresis. We conclude that the basocellular carcinoma was the more prevalent entity involving almost the half of study population.
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