2012, Number 2
Otorrinolaringología 2012; 57 (2)
Rodas MER, Cárdenas MI
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: In the adult age vertigo is a common symptom, but very unusual in children population; its prevalence is not reported.
Objective: To identify the cause of dizziness in children and adolescents, as well as the most affected age group, the most frequent associated symptoms and results of audiologic and vestibular tests.
Material and methods: Patients younger than 16 years old, who consulted by alterations in the balance (2000-2010), were included. Patients were distributed into three groups depending on their age: group A, younger than 6 years old; group B, 7-10 years old; and group C, 10 to 16 years old.
Results: 23 patients, age 3-16 years; 5 (21,73%) corresponded to vertigo of central origin and 18 (78.26%) to vertigo of peripheral origin. The largest number of patients was found in the group C 10-16 years (60.8%). The most frequent associated symptoms were dizziness and nausea, hearing loss, tinnitus and headache. Endolymphatic hidrops was the most common diagnosis in eight (44.4%), the second most frequent diagnosis was benign paroxysmal positional vertigo with four (22.2%), followed by vestibular neuronitis in three patients (16.6%).
Conclusion: The vertigo is a little studied symptom in children and adolescents; however, this series shows that vertigo is not a rare entity, but that at the ENT Clinic it can become frequent.