2012, Number 4
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ABSTRACTObjective: to identify clinical maternal complications associated with teen pregnancy. Material and methods: documentary research through a descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study that was carried out between March and September 2011. It was made an exhaustive search of documentary sources. Inclusion criteria: articles published in scientific journals, both original and reviewed articles and health policy position papers. Databases: PubMed, Science Direct, and MDConsult. Results: most of the 17 consulted articles considered as the most common clinical complications the following: anemia, preterm birth, forceps deliveries, tears of the vaginal canal, infections during pregnancy, and maternal death. Conclusions: it is necessary to emphasize the care of teenagers due to the lack of knowledge about reproductive health. The Family Physician is who must initiate those preventive actions from a comprehensive care to children and adolescents, ensuring an effective education in values, strengthening of autonomy, self-esteem, correct decision making and building of a project of life.
Díaz A, Sanhueza P, Yaksic N. Riesgos obstétricos en el embarazo adolescente: estudio comparativo de resultados obstétricos y perinatales con pacientes embarazadas adultas. Rev Chil Obstet Ginecol. 2002;67(6):481-87. Disponible en: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_ arttext&pid=S0717-75262002000600009&lng=e n&nrm=iso&ignore=.html
Vázquez-Márquez A, Guerra-Verdecia C, Herrera- Vicente V, Chávez-de la Cruz F, Almiral-Chávez AM. Embarazo y adolescencia: factores biológicos maternos y perinatales más frecuentes. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol. 2001;27(2):158-64. Disponible en: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?pid=S0138- 600X2001000200012&script=sci_arttext&tlng=es