2012, Number 2
Perinatol Reprod Hum 2012; 26 (2)
Herrera-Meillón H, Armenta-Aguilera SE, Muñoz-Jiménez G, Haghenbeck-Altamirano FJ, Ayala-Yáñez R
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ABSTRACTSince Richter R. in 1909 performed the first publication on the use of intrauterine devices; materials, forms, indications and contraindications of these have evolved to become the method most widely used family planning in the world. Although the risk of perforation during insertion is low, it exists. The literature has described the use of laparoscopy for removal of intrauterine devices migrated to the abdominal cavity. Case report: 29 years old woman who two years before suffers colic pain posterior to application of an intrauterine device with no complications, and diminishes with the use of unspecified analgesics, and stays asymptomatic to date. She attended a review, and underwent to cervical cytology, during the procedure, was impossible to see the strings of the intrauterine device. Plain abdominal radiography and fluoroscopy were done to determine the location of the radiopaque intraabdominal witness. Assessed by the General Surgery Service we determined extraction of the device by laparoscopy and was done without any complication. Findings: strong omentum adhesions to the device, but no apparent damage to other abdominal organs. The World Health Organization recommends the immediate removal of intrauterine devices that have migrated. The migration of the intrauterine devices into the abdominal cavity is a rare complication, and the presentation as an incidental finding in asymptomatic patients is even less common, a systematic review of literature, Richdeep S. et al, evaluated 49 items found 179 cases of laparoscopic management reporting the omentum as the most common site of localization (26.7%). The relevance of this case lies in the asyntomatic presentation two years after insertion, the diagnostic route using radiographs and fluoroscopy, and extraction without complications and with excellent results laparoscopically.