2013, Number 4
Rev Med MD 2013; 4.5 (4)
González-Moreno J, Juárez-López JS, Rodríguez-Sánchez JL
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ABSTRACTObesity is a multifactorial etiology disease with a chronic course in which is involved genetical aspects, environmental and life style leading to a metabolical disorder. The ideal diagnosis of obesity is the measurement of real body fat. However, the body mass index (BMI) turns out advantageous for this goal in the context of health and has international acknowledgement even with its limitations.
The prevalence of obesity during pregnancy ranges from 11% to 22%, this is important if we consider that it increases the risk of multiple medical complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus, among others. On the fetus, increases the risk of fetal deformations, as well as fetal programming on the adult life. The recommendation for the obese pregnant are of many levels: healthy diet with adequate weight gain, intervention on the life style (exercise, stress control), adequate intake of folic acid, among other things. The obesity on the pregnant woman creates a significant risk for the next generations with metabolic compromise clear before birth.