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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2005, Issue 1

Pérez-Morales A, Roesch-Dietlen F, Díaz-Blanco F, Martínez-Fernández S
Security of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in complicated vesicular disease
Cir Cir 2005; 73 (1)

Language: Español
References: 19
Page: 15-18
PDF: 48.58 Kb.

Full text


Objetive: We assessed the experience and safety of cholecystectomy through laparoscopic approach in patients with complicat-ed biliary gallbladder diseases who were attended at the Hospital Español, Veracruz, Mexico, during a 10-year period.
Material and methods: A prospective, longitudinal, comparative study with a control group was designed. We studied a group of patients with complicated cholelithiasis diseases (Group I) and compared them with patients without complicated diseases. We analyzed the following variables: age, gender, risk factors, associated trans-operative pathology and accidents, surgical time, rate of conversion to open procedure, length of hospital stay, complications and evolution.
Results: During the 10-year period, 733 cholecystectomies were performed, 245 (33.42%) to treat complicated cholelithiasis and 488 (66.58%) uncomplicated. There were no differences regarding gender, age, risk factors, hospital stay, complications, morbidity and mortality, and iatrogenic lesions of the biliary tree, postoperative morbidity and mortality. In all patients of Group I (245), we found complications of cholelithiasis (acute cholecystitis, choledochal gallstones, vesicular adherences, and cholecysto-colonic fistula). Surgical time was longer in Group I and surgical accidents made the surgical procedure more difficult.
Conclusions: The overall results established that laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our institution is a safe procedure in patients with complicated gallbladder disease and can be performed by experienced surgeons.

Key words: laparoscopic cholecystectomy, cholelithiasis.


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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2005, Issue 1

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