2005, Number 2
Cir Cir 2005; 73 (2)
Romero-y Huesca A, Ramírez-Bollas J, Ponce-Landín FJ, Moreno-Rojas JC, Soto-Miranda MA
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ABSTRACTThe interest by the physical perfection and the corporal forms brings like result the creation of new anatomical studies. The anatomical knowledge progresses from second half of century XV, conceiving the knowledge of the human body like a basic reality of the Medicine. One of the greater contributions of the Italian Universities to the medicine was teaching of anatomy, the Universities of Padua, Bologna and Pisa educated in their classrooms great physicians like Andres Vesalio, Gabriel Fallopio, Realdo Colombo, Mondino de Luzzi, Julio Caesar Aranzio and Gaspare Tagliacozzi, among others. Teaching of the Anatomy during the Renaissance was characterized by the development of the dissector technique and autopsy practice, which was recognized as an extremely valuable skill for the anatomical study. The dissections were made in circular amphitheatres by the following way: a Medicine professor read the text book, another one made the dissection and a third one indicated the structures referred.