2013, Number 2
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ABSTRACTBackground: breast and cervical cancer are among the most frequent causes of death in women. Therefore, the early detection of these diseases is one of the prioritized programs of the Public Health System.
Objective: to describe the performance of the Breast and Cervical Cancer Program in the municipality of Cienfuegos.
Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted over the period 2010-2011 in the context of the CARMEN project. A random sample was selected which was randomly stratified. The variables analyzed included age, marital status, skin color, health professional’s visits, knowledge of breast self-examination, clinical breast exam, mammography, cervical smear and time from the last medical examination of each test. The questionnaire of the CARMEN study was used. Results analysis was performed by SPSS package version 15, 0. Statistical significance level used was 95 %.
Results: a total of 428 women (41,1 %) had not been examined in over a year; 49 of them (4,6 %) had not been checked for more than five years. 7,2 % of the study sample have never undergone a mammography, 28,6 % have had this test performed. 91,0 % of the women whose ages are included in the program has undergone a cervical smear.
Conclusions: the objectives of the General Program for Cancer Control in Cuba are not being achieved. The inefficient areas of the Breast and Cervical Cancer Program are exposed.
Guzmán S, Salas P, Puente R, Hott H, Israel E, Guzmán R. Pesquisa y control del cáncer cérvico-uterino en el Servicio de Salud de Valdivia (1993-2003). Rev méd Chile [revista en Internet]. 2005 [ cited 8 May 2013 ] ; 133 (6): 685-92. Available from: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext &pid=S0034-98872005000600011&lng=es. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872005000600011.