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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2013, Issue 4


Hamui-Sutton L, Barragán-Pérez V, Fuentes-García R, Monsalvo- Obregón EC, Fouilloux-Morales C
Sleep deprivation effects on cognitive, psychomotor skills and its relationship with personal characteristics of resident doctors
Cir Cir 2013; 81 (4)

Language: Español
References: 51
Page: 317-327
PDF: 314.50 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]

ABSTRACT

Background: In countries such as United States and European Nations changes have been proposed regarding to duty and academic structure of specialists in training, this implies adjustments in the norms concerning the number of hours a week that residents work. The main argument which has underpinned such transformations is based on the assumption that excessive working hours (more than 16 hours uninterrupted) cause cognitive disorders and psychomotor in residents.
Objective: To evaluate the association between sleep deprivation and cognitive and psychomotor skills of a sample of residents of different specialties of Medicine.
Methods: Longitudinal study with measurements pre and post guards, in 31 residents of Medicine. The measured variables were: cognitive and psychomotor skills, demographic data and conditions of the guard, quality of sleep and psychopathology.
Results: 81% residents showed detriment in at least one of the tests, however, in psychomotor skills significant difference results were found in CPR maneuvers between pre and post guard with an improvement in scores.
Conclusions: Sleep deprivation causes detriment of cognitive and psychomotor skills. While our results can´t be generalized, they may constitute a precedent for possible changes in the working hours of medical residencies.


Key words: cognitive abilities, psychomotor skills, sleep deprivation, medical residents.


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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2013, Issue 4
 

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