2013, Number S1
Perinatol Reprod Hum 2013; 27 (S1)
Rodríguez-Weber MÁ, Arredondo JL, García-de la Puente S, González-Zamora JF, López-Candiani C
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ABSTRACTSpecial considerations must be taken to calculate water requirements of newborns and breastfeeding children; however, all their water needs should be covered with breast milk or breast-milk substitute formula. There is a need for 100 mL of water per 100 kcal consumed, or of 1,800 mL per square meter body surface area. From six months of age, it is advisable to start providing 30-60 mL of water per day, with progressive increase; before that age, any other liquid must be avoided. Inadequate preparation of substitute formula can cause hydric intoxication, or infections if the water used is contaminated. The observed increase in obesity and overweight goes along increased intake of sugary beverages in children. This increased intake can also be linked to diabetes and other physiological and cognitive problems. Mexican children and teenagers increased their caloric intake from sugary beverages in 126% between 1999 and 2006. As one of many healthy habits that children must acquire from home, is the avoidance of sugary beverages and the acknowledgment of water as a preferred hydration source.