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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2003, Issue 4

Díaz-Martínez A, Esteban-Jiménez R
Domestic Violence
Gac Med Mex 2003; 139 (4)

Language: Español
References: 13
Page: 353-355
PDF: 36.61 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]


Family violence is a worldwide phenomenon in which the most vulnerable group consists of the women and children. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one fifth of the world population of women have been the object of some type of violence during some period of their life; therefore, they present highest rates of incapacitating problems, 12 times higher rates of suicide, and high rates of violent death. Violence can be studied from different perspectives: 1) biological, because some cases of lesions in the limbic system, frontal and temporal lobes, or abnormalities in serotonin function can predispose to aggression; 2) psychologic: parents who mistreat their children most are those who possess lower self-esteem, suffer depression, have lower rates of tolerance to frustration, and are alcoholics; 3) psychiatric: victims and witnesses of violence present higher rates of depression and post-traumatic stress. Alcohol and substance abuse, as well as borderline or antisocial personality disorders, increase considerably their risk for violence. It has been found that violence and suicide are closely related; 4) specific context, because there are differences in the expression of violence in rural and urban areas due to fact that the stressors are different, and 5) social: there has been evidence that social aspects play certain important roles in manifestation of violent behaviors, one approach is the study of intergenerational transmission of violence.

Key words: Domestic violence, aggression.


  1. 1. Organización Mundial de la Salud: conclusiones del Foro Día Internacional para la Eliminación de la Violencia Contra las Mujeres, 24 de nov. 2000.

  2. 2. Organización Panamericana de la Salud: conclusiones del Foro Día Internacional para la Eliminación de la Violencia contra las Mujeres, 24 de nov. 2000.

  3. 3. Banco Mundial. Conclusiones del Foro Día Internacional para la Eliminación de la Violencia Contra las Mujeres, 24 de nov. 2000.

  4. 4. Instituto Nacional para la Estadística Geografía e Informática. Encuesta sobre Violencia Intrafamiliar, Documento Metodológico y Resultados ed. INEGI; México: 2000.

  5. 5. Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática, Ibid.

  6. 6. Garza Treviño ES. Neurobiological factors in aggressive behavior. Hosp Commun Psychiatry 1994:45:690-699,

  7. 7. Yoshikawa H. Prevention as cumulative protection: effects of early family support and education on chronic delinquency and its risks. Psychol Bull 1994;115:28-54.

  8. 8. Martínez P, Ritchers JE. The NIMH Community Project II. Children’s distress symptoms associated with violence exposure, Psychiatry 1993;56-22-35.

  9. 9. Parkers CM. Psychiatric problems following bereavement by murder or manslaughter. Br J Psychiatry 1993;162:49-54.

  10. Mulvey EP. Assessing the evidence of a link between mental illness and violence. Hosp Commun Psychiatry 1994;45:663-668.

  11. McNeil DE, Binder RL. The relationship between acute psychiatric symptoms, Diagnosis and short-term risk of violence. Hosp symptoms Psychiatry 1994;45:133-137.

  12. Vielma M, Vicente B, Hayes GD, Larkin EP, Jenner FA. Mentally abnormal homicide. A review of a special hospital male population. Med Sci Law 1993;33:47-54.

  13. Oliver JE. Intergenerational transmission of child abuse. Rates, research and clinical implications. Am J Psychiatry 1993;150:1315-1324.

>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2003, Issue 4

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