2003, Number 4
Gac Med Mex 2003; 139 (4)
Díaz-Martínez A, Esteban-Jiménez R
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ABSTRACTFamily violence is a worldwide phenomenon in which the most vulnerable group consists of the women and children. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one fifth of the world population of women have been the object of some type of violence during some period of their life; therefore, they present highest rates of incapacitating problems, 12 times higher rates of suicide, and high rates of violent death. Violence can be studied from different perspectives: 1) biological, because some cases of lesions in the limbic system, frontal and temporal lobes, or abnormalities in serotonin function can predispose to aggression; 2) psychologic: parents who mistreat their children most are those who possess lower self-esteem, suffer depression, have lower rates of tolerance to frustration, and are alcoholics; 3) psychiatric: victims and witnesses of violence present higher rates of depression and post-traumatic stress. Alcohol and substance abuse, as well as borderline or antisocial personality disorders, increase considerably their risk for violence. It has been found that violence and suicide are closely related; 4) specific context, because there are differences in the expression of violence in rural and urban areas due to fact that the stressors are different, and 5) social: there has been evidence that social aspects play certain important roles in manifestation of violent behaviors, one approach is the study of intergenerational transmission of violence.