2005, Number 4
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2005; 43 (4)
Álvarez NJ, Nuño GBL, Alcocer SJA
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The prevalence and the functional impact of the musculoskeletal diseases seem to have geographical variability. There is no previous report about those issues for the Southern part of Mexico.
Objective: To assess the prevalence of mus-culoskeletal pain, rheumatic diseases and self-perceived work disability in adults of Cantamayec, Yucatán, Mexico.
Material and methods: We assessed the presence of musculoskeletal pain, and those who answered affirmatively underwent a clinical evaluation. Diag-nostic criteria for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, gout and soft-tissue pain syndromes were used.
Results: Musculoskeletal pain was found in 197/761 (25.8 %), a defined rheumatic disease was diagnosed in 156 (20.4 %) subjects. The prevalence of soft-tissue pain syndromes was 6.1%; followed by osteoarthritis, 5.8 %; rheumatoid arthritis, 4.7 %; back pain, 1.8 %; fibromyalgia, 1.3 %; and gout, 0.7 %; self-perceived work disability was found in 144 (18.9 %); it was ranked as total by 65 (8.5 %) and partial by 79 (10.4 %).
Conclusions: Musculoskeletal pain, rheumatic diseases and self-perceived work disability were highly prevalent. Although rheumatoid arthritis prevalence was higher, the prevalence of other rheumatic diseases, musculoskeletal pain, and self-perceived work disability were similar to those previously reported in other countries and regions of Mexico.