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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2006, Issue 1

Rosales-Olivares LM, Ruiz-Morfín A, Miramontes-Martínez VP, Alpízar-Aguirre A, Reyes-Sánchez AA
Stability effect of the suprajacent vertebrae after fixation in spondylolisthesis. Comparative study of two systems
Cir Cir 2006; 74 (1)

Language: Español
References: 76
Page: 27-35
PDF: 89.29 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]


Background: This study was undertaken to evaluate vertebral stability after two different types of fusion fixation (rigid and semirigid) in spondylolisthesis. Material and methods: Ambispective study of a dynamic cohort constituted by 42 patients that underwent surgery between 1990 and 2000 for a spondilolistesis treatment. According to the fixing type, they were divided into two follow-up groups: to group 1, plate INO (semirigid system) was placed + posterolateral fusion (PLF), 20 cases; to group 2, plate INO was installed + intersomatic screw + PLF, 22 cases.
Results: Both groups achieved better listhesis, reduced pain according to Oswestry and SF36 Index (p <0.05), and less intervertebral height was lost. Group 1 lost the least amount (-0.61 mm) of invertebral height if grades of presurgical listhesis were 1-2, and higher (-2.0 mm) if grades of presurgical listhesis were 3-4. Inversely, group 2 lost the least (0.50 mm) if grade of listhesis was 3 or 4, and higher (-1.25 mm) if grades of listhesis were 1-2. From 4 to 7 years, in group 2 there was altered bending of 5.8º to 8.3º (p = 0.05), a significant difference from group 1. Group 2 showed higher flexion grades (p = 0.01) at 4-7 years postoperatively and a significant reduction in EVA (p = .04) at more than 7 years. The remaining patients showed no significant differences between groups. But loss of intervertebral height was higher in group 2 (-1.18 mm) than group 1 (-0.75 mm). Plate INO + PLF favored flexibility and reduced loss of intervertebral height in grades 1-2 of presurgical listhesis, INO + screw + PLF showed reduced listhesis and decrease of height lost in grades 3-4 of presurgical listhesis.
Conclusions: We recommended the use of INO + PLF in grades 1-2 of presurgical listhesis and INO + screw + PLF in grades 3-4 of listhesis presurgically.

Key words: Spondylolisthesis, discal degeneration, transpedicular fixation, interbody fusion, segmental adjacent disease.


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