Revista Mexicana de Patología Clínica y Medicina de Laboratorio

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>Journals >Revista Mexicana de Patología Clínica y Medicina de Laboratorio >Year 2015, Issue 4

Gaona-Flores VA, Alcalá-Martínez E, Becerra-Fragoso J, Cortés-Arredondo K, Campos-Navarro LA
Neisseria meningitidis cases in third level hospital
Rev Mex Patol Clin Med Lab 2015; 62 (4)

Language: Inglés
References: 15
Page: 240-244
PDF: 220.69 Kb.

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Background: Neisseria meningitidis is a Gram-negative bacterium. Serotypes associated with it are A, B, C, and W-135. And they can appear at any age. From 2002-2010, 474 cases were reported in Mexico. The Ministry of Health is the Health Care Institution attending more cases (64%) and the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social attends 11.18%. Objective: Retrospective analysis of clinical and bacteriological aspects of cases meningitis by N. meningitidis treated at the Infectology Hospital, during the period 2010-2013. Methods: Descriptive study, in a reference center for infectious diseases. All patients with a confirmed infection due to N. meningitidis diagnosis were included. The information was obtained from the epidemiological study conducted. Results: There were a total of 11 confirmed cases of infection due to N. meningitidis; the diagnosis was made by coagglutination test, and serotype C predominated. Conclusion: The main measures for disease control are accurate diagnosis, ideally with microbiological culture, timely treatment and chemoprophylaxis. Conjugated vaccines have shown a good population impact due to its effect on decreasing the percentage of asymptomatic carriers. In order to evaluate prior exposure with greater precision, it is appropriate to study the presence of N. meningitidis in all close contacts.

Key words: Neisseria meningitidis, meningococcemia, meningococcus, bacterial meningitis.


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>Journals >Revista Mexicana de Patología Clínica y Medicina de Laboratorio >Year 2015, Issue 4

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