>Salud Pública de México
>Year 2016, Issue 3
Todt o, Luján JL
Good for your health? An analysis of the requirements for scientific substantiation in European health claims regulation
salud publica mex 2016; 58 (3)
PDF: 239.30 Kb.
Objective. To identify the various types of evidence, as well
as their relative importance in European health claims regulation,
in order to analyze the consequences for consumer
protection of the requirements for scientific substantiation
in this regulation. Materials and methods. Qualitative
analysis of various documents relevant to the regulatory
process, particularly as to the implications of the standards
of proof for the functional food market, as well as consumer
behavior. Results. European regulation defines a hierarchy
of evidence that turns randomized controlled trials into a
necessary and sufficient condition for health claim authorizations.
Conclusions. Consumer protection can be
interpreted in different manners. High standards of proof
protect consumers from false information about the health
outcomes of functional foods, while lower standards lead to
more, albeit less accurate information about such outcomes
being available to consumers.
||functional food, methodology, consumer advocacy, government regulation, products publicity control.
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>Salud Pública de México
>Year 2016, Issue 3