2016, Number 5
AMC 2016; 20 (5)
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
Álvarez LA, García LYC
PDF size: 564.75 Kb.
unicompartmental knee arthroplasty constitutes a method of treatment
in patients with affection of one compartment of the knee. The more affected ones are: medial tibiofemoral
and patellofemoral compartment.
to deepen into the necessary element for the application o f unicompartimental arthroplasty
in regards to: incidence, indications, and contraindications, the role of arthroscopy, unicomparmental
arthroplasty versus high tibial osteotomy, unicompartmental arthroplasty versus total knee
replacement, outcomes of unicompartmental arthroplasty and complications.
we conducted a literature review of 654 articles published in P ubmed, Hinari, SciELO
and Medline through reference management software Endnote; among them 58 quotes were used and
selected to do the review, 56 of them from the last five years, including five books and a reference from
one of the authors.
important aspects related to incidence of the affected compartment, indications
and contraindications are discussed. The role of arthroscopy and the relationship between unicompartmental
arthroplasty and high tibial osteotomy, unicompartmental arthroplasty and total knee replacement
are tackled. In regard to complications the most important ones are described, especially infection.
unicompartmental arthroplasty is a safe and effective surgical method, particularly
when patients are selected thoroughly in selected. This procedure has a high survival with excellent
and good results.
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