2017, Number 1
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The best way to assess myocardial efficiency is by analyzing arterial-ventricular coupling. This complex analysis can be performed noninvasively by Doppler echocardiography.
Material and methods: A longitudinal, prospective, analytical study was performed with patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit of the Hospital San Ángel Inn Universidad admitted in shock (defined as a heart rate › 120 beats per minute or venous lactate › 4 mmol/L or lactate › 2 mmol/L plus one of the following: heart rate › systolic pressure, systolic pressure ‹ 90 mmHg). The following variables were recorded: age, gender, admission diagnosis, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate and serum lactate; an expert cardiologist performed the echocardiographic measurements required for calculating the ventricular-arterial coupling. A resident of intensive therapy obtained after a four-hour training the following values by the ultrasonic cardiac output monitor USCOM: SMII, FTC and PKR.
Results: We studied n = 47 patients diagnosed with shock; male n = 23 (48.9%), age n = 59 (41-73); n = 22 patients had septic shock (53.7%), n = 11 coronary syndromes (26.8%), n = 7 cor pulmonale (17.1%), n = 1 pulmonary embolism (2.4%). The arterial- ventricular coupling was measured by echocardiography: 0.74 (0.63-1.1). The arterial-ventricular coupling by USCOM was 0.72 (0.63 to 0.9), with a correlation of r of 0.8, an error rate of 24% and a p ‹ 0.002. The arterial-ventricular coupling by echocardiography with a cutoff of ≤ 0.7 predicts mortality with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 50%, with an area under the curve of 0.75 (from 0.59 to 0.96), p = 0.46. The arterial-ventricular coupling by USCOM with a cutoff of 0.7 predicts mortality with an 80% of sensitivity, specificity of 60%, with an area under the curve of 0.79 (0.64 to 0.95) p = 0.02.
Conclusions: It is possible to have the arterial-ventricular coupling measured in critically ill patients at their bedside by medical personnel with a four-hour training in a manner comparable to that of an expert echocardiographer. This allows the use of these complex hemodynamic analysis in a non-invasive way in the day-to-day care of the seriously ill.
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