2016, Number S1
Rev Cub de Med Fis y Rehab 2016; 8 (S1)
Noa PBY, Martínez TJC, García DJÁ
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the pelvic floor dysfunctions is frequent in woman and constitute a sanitary, social and economic important problem that affects in great measure the daily life of people that suffer it, limiting their individual freedom and diminishing their self-esteem.
Objectives: to determine the factors of risk and clinical forms of pelvic floor dysfunctions, in women of medium age.
Method: descriptive study of traverse court 300 patients were included divided in two groups: patient and control. The variables were evaluated: age, pathological personal antecedents, type of pelvic floor dysfunctions, habits and customs, obstetric antecedents, surgical interventions and consumption of medications. Absolute and relative frequencies were used and were carried out a logistical regression including the variables that were considered risk factor.
Results: the age stocking was of 49,7 years. The 34,7 % of the patients with pelvic floor dysfunctions had urinary incontinence and 18 % fecal. About toxic investigated habits, the consumption of coffee was more frequent (65,3 %); in the group of patient, while in the group control it was the consumption of abundant liquids (64 %) without statistical differences among them. Differences existed among the groups with colon surgeries, rectum and bladder, hysterectomies, episiotomies, vaginal childbirths and the consumption of sedative regarding the group control.
Conclusions: the pelvic floor dysfunctions found in the studied patients was: the urinary and fecal incontinence. The presence of these affections associated to risk factors: surgical interventions on pelvic organs, the episiotomies and the vaginal childbirths.