2017, Number 1
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ABSTRACTIt is a disease caused by the Mayaro virus belonging to the genus Alphavirus (group A of arbovirus), closely related to Chikungunya fever. Is transmitted by the biting of female mosquitoes infected with this virus mainly of the genus Haemagogus spp., In jungle and rural areas and by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the urban part, areas located between 0 and 2,200 meters above sea level. It begins with a rapid elevation of body temperature and includes general malaise, headache, retroocular pain, myalgias, arthralgia, abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, skin eruption mainly in the chest, legs, back, arms and less frequently in the face. In some cases there is a sore throat, nasal congestion, cough and some bleeding. The febrile condition is of short duration, between 3 and 7 days and usually solves by itself, although in some patients the joint affectation can be severe and of prolonged duration. The diagnosis is by the technique of RT-PCR. There is no specific treatment and the management must be symptomatic of support.
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