2016, Number 11
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ABSTRACTBackground: When an endometrial polyp is suspected by transvaginal ultrasound in postmenopausal women with bleeding, diagnostic hysteroscopy is the procesure to apply in order to assess the endometrial cavity, remove the polyp and to make a histologic study. In asymptomatic patients this clinical practice is not clear at all.
Objetive: To evaluate the difference between asymptomatic and symptomatic women in terms of risk factors and the incidence of premalignant and malignant lesions in both groups
Material and Method: Retrospective observational descriptive study of 130 patients with a diagnosis of endometrial polyp based on diagnostic hysteroscopy.
Results: 56.9% (74) were asymptomatic and 43.1% (56) were symptomatic. There were no statistical differences between both groups in the percentage of arterial hypertension (36.5 vs 33.9%), diabetes mellitus (14.9 vs 10.7%), and breast cancer (14.9 vs 17.9%). The most frequent anatomopathologic diagnostic in asymptomatic women was endometrial polyp in 93.2% of the patients while in symptomatic this was confirmed in the 80% of the cases with a p = 0.026. There were 5.5% of malignant or premalignant pathology in symptomatic patients and 2.8% in asymptomatic with no statistical significance between them.
Conclusions: Despite of not having differences between both groups of patients the diagnostic hysteroscopy indication should be individualized because of the rare incidence of premalignant or malignant pathology in asymptomatic women.
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