2018, Number 2
PDF size: 498.15 Kb.
ABSTRACTMenopause is the cessation of a woman’s menstrual periods, diagnosed in retrospect, once 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea have passed. This occurs due to atresia of the ovarian follicles and their capacity to produce estrogen due to the stimulation of the follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones.. The climateric syndrome is the set of signs and symptoms that occur in this transition, among the most important characteristics are hot flashes, emotional lability, osteoporosis, increased cardiovascular risk and genitourinary disorders. If the decrease in estrogen production generates this symptomatology therefore the treatment should be a hormonal replacement with exogenous estrogens and progestogens, always considering the patient’s symptomatology and taking into account risks and benefits, looking to improve their quality of life. It is important to evaluate the current lifestyle of the patient to be able make beneficial changes for them.
Martin KA, Barbieri RL. Treatment of menopausal symptoms with hormone therapy. En: Up-to-date, Post TW (Ed), Up-to-date, Crowley Jr. WF. (Jun 5, 2017). Disponible en: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-menopausal- symptoms-with-hormone therapy?source=search_ result&search=menopause&selectedTitle=2~150