2017, Number 2
Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd 2017; 36 (2)
Sailema ÁA, Sailema TM, Amores GPR, Navas FLE, Mallqui QVA, Romero FE
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The motor skills as a voluntary movement is a factor related to life quality, so boosting this variable with traditional games can have positive repercussions in subjects with Down Syndrome from a psychomotor and cultural point of view. Objective: Perform an effective motor stimulation through the use of traditional Ecuadorian games, enhancing motor, locomotor, non-locomotor and projection skills, valued the effect produced. Methods: 85 children with Down syndrome were studied between 5-15 years of age, different motor skills were evaluated before and after the proposal was implemented from the Bruininks-Ozeretzki test by three criteria (acquired, in the process of admission and not acquired), the play proposal was applied for six months in 72 sessions of 40 min, three times a week. Results: After the proposal was implemented, displacement with independence improved by 41.17 percentage points (p= 0.000), while non-locomotive skills improved by 27.05 percentage points (p= 0.003). On the other hand, in the projection skills there was an improvement of 32.55 percentage points (p= 0.000). Conclusions: When the pretest is applied, alert parameters and delay in gross motor skills are detected. After a continuous work and in postest execution a positive increase in the evaluation of fundamental capacities is evidenced, concluding thus the traditional ludic activities are effective means of skills and intellectual excitation.