2017, Number 2
Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd 2017; 36 (2)
Morales NDJ, Maqueira CGC, Vera PE, Cuesta MA, Neira CC, Sandoval JML
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Perception is the first knowledge about the impressions that communicate the senses, therefore it is a good indicator of present and future performance of the students. Objectives: To evaluate the perception through the application of project-based learning for physical condition strengthening, integral development and improvement of the interpersonal relations in students of the Universidad Internacional del Ecuador. Methods: A mixed research approach is applied: qualitative and quantitative. The population corresponds to 131 students distributed in the Chairs Physical Culture I: 9 students, Physical Culture II: 27 students, Physical Culture III: 61 students and Physical Culture IV: 34 students. A questionnaire was applied in the first period-first 8 weeks of 10 closed questions on subjects related to the exercise of Physical Culture, 5 closed questions of Miniatletismo and 5 open questions on several subjects among which emphasize activities of sensitization of associated functional diversity with visual sensory disability to a sample of 97 students, 3 % women and 97 % men. In the second periodsecond eight weeks, a survey of 10 closed questions on the assessment of cognitive, procedural and attitudinal competences was applied to a sample of 88 respondents, 3 % women and 97 % men applying the Iadov technique in both surveys. Results: 92 % of students state that compliance with the activities improves the quality life and allows greater mastery of motor skills. 93 % of the respondents determined that the teacher was precise in the methodological orientations, sports such as football, athletics, table tennis, swimming and indor-soccer are the most popular according to 18.56 % in relation to other motor tasks. 94 % state that cooperative games-challenges enhance leadership and improve interpersonal relationships. The student with functional diversity associated with auditory sensory disability perceives the interest of UIDE-FIA faculty to meet the objectives learning. Conclusions: Physical Activity strengthens motor literacy, the skills development, abilities, conditional and coordinating physical abilities, contributing to health and integral development of student in Universidad Internacional del Ecuador (UIDE) according to established perception indicators.