2017, Number 2
Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd 2017; 36 (2)
Díaz CAC, Arguello PSM, Fernández CRR
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: According to the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity are the second leading cause of death in the world. It is correlated to overweight with lack of exercise and poor nutrition. Objective: Given the above, the research objective is determine the nutritional status of military officers in Epiclachima. Methods: The military stronghold of study, is located to south of the Quito city, in this place exists a population of 300 soldiers between 20 to 55 years of age. A sample with 96.5 % confidence was taken in 247 participants. Data collection was performed from 06:00 am to 11:00 am to avoid bias. The equipment used were: scales, height rod, pachymeter, plicometer and tape measure. The measurements used to determine the somatotype and the ideal weight were: height, weight, triceps, subscapular, abdominal, suprailiac and medial cutaneous folds of the leg, bone diameters of the femur, humerus and styloid; And muscular arm and leg perimeters. Results: It was observed that the somatotypes that predominate in this military sample are mesomorphs with 50.2 % and endomorphs with 48.2 %. The percentage sum of obesity and overweight is 58.7 %. Conclusions: It is concluded that a proper diet is important to avoid being overweight and obese. Intake of five daily meals was recommended, in which vegetables and fruits should be present in 50 %, 25 % of proteins, and carbohydrates 25 %, in each intake.